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[科技] 抑制螺栓(restraining bolt)

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发表于 2013-6-15 18:59 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
翻译:南方战士、lightsaber

restraining bolt 抑制螺栓

电影



Restraining bolts are devices affixed to droids in order to better control their actions and enforce their obedience. A special applicator seals the bolt to a droid. Once affixed, the restraining bolt restricts a droid from wandering off and forces it to obey commands from a handheld control unit.
抑制螺栓是一种被焊接在机器人身上的设备,能更好地控制机器人的行为,迫使它们就范。一种特殊的焊接物能将螺栓固定在机器人身上。一旦粘好,抑制螺栓就能限制机器人到处乱跑,强迫机器人服从手持控制器的命令。

The scavenging Jawas of Tatooine often fit the droids they salvage with restraining bolts. They did so with Artoo-Detoo and See-Threepio. Once the droids were transferred to Owen Lars, so to was command of the bolts. The security systems at the Lars Homestead restricted any restrained droid from leaving the farm. Artoo-Detoo tricked Luke into removing the bolt, allowing him to sneak away at night to continue his search for Obi-Wan Kenobi.
塔图因的贾瓦人拾荒者经常在他们回收的机器人身上安装抑制螺栓。他们对R2-D2和C-3PO也这么做了。这两个机器人被移交给欧文·拉尔斯的同时,拉尔斯也获得了螺栓的控制权。拉尔斯家宅的安保系统禁止任何被抑制的机器人离开农场。R2-D2诱骗卢克移除了自己的螺栓,使他得以趁夜开溜,继续寻找欧比-旺·克诺比。

衍生宇宙



Although there are many varieties of bolts with different levels of command, the ones used on Artoo and Threepio were relatively simple ones. The bolts, which were spot-welded onto the droid's surface, were paired with an "owner," or "caller," a hand-held device capable of three basic commands. The owner's three settings could call a droid forward (COME), force it to halt (STOP), or to enact the tasks that were just verbally spoken to it (ORDERS). A droid will not violate its basic programming when following orders, so the last setting can only be used to carry out tasks within the droid's operating parameters. Jawas also use restraining bolts as part of the recipe for their cobbled-together ionization blasters.
虽然有许多种控制级别各不相同的螺栓,但用在R2和3PO身上的螺栓相对比较简单。抑制螺栓是被点焊到机器人表面的。与抑制螺栓配套的是一个“主机”——它又叫“呼机”,是一种能发布三条简单命令的手持式设备。主机的三种设置能叫一个机器人前进(“来”),强迫它停止(“停”),或执行口述的任务(“指令”)。机器人在服从指令时不会违背其基本程序,因此最后一种设置只能被用于执行机器人运行参数内的任务。贾瓦人在拼装他们的离子枪时,也把抑制螺栓的功能融合了进去。

幕后



The bolts used by the Jawas in A New Hope were fairly visible, cylindrical affairs. The ones used in Jabba's Palace in Return of the Jedi must have been of a different model, since neither Artoo nor Threepio were seen bearing the same bolts they wore previously.
在《新的希望》里,贾瓦人使用的螺栓很明显能看出是圆柱形的。在《绝地归来》里,贾巴宫殿使用的螺栓肯定是另一种不同的型号,因为从R2和3PO的身上都看不出他们有戴先前的那种螺栓。

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发表于 2017-6-12 21:48 | 显示全部楼层
欧文手上好像没有控制器
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