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[飞船] Y翼星际战斗机(Y-wing starfighter)

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发表于 2013-5-2 21:04 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
翻译:南方战士、aweng

Y-wing starfighter Y翼星际战斗机

Size:
23.4 meters long (BTL-B bomber); 16 meters long (Rebel Alliance-era BTL fighters)
尺寸:
23.4米长(BTL-B轰炸机);16米长(义军同盟时代的BTL战斗机)

Weapon:
Laser cannons, ion cannons, proton torpedoes
武器:
激光炮、离子炮、质子鱼雷

Affiliation:
Rebel Alliance
隶属:
义军同盟

Type:
Attack starfighter
类型:
攻击星际战斗机

Manufacturer:
Koensayr
制造者:
肯赛尔
     
Growing increasingly outdated with the advent of sleeker, more powerful starfighters, the Y-wing will nonetheless stand proudly when history recalls its important role in the Rebel Alliance. Y-wing starfighters hold the dubious record of being the most-destroyed military vessel in the Alliance arsenal. This is not due to any design flaw in the Koensayr starfighter; rather it is the result of it being the most common starfighter the Alliance had at its disposal during the Galactic Civil War. The Y-wing was the "work horse" of the Alliance starfighter arsenal.
随着更简洁、更强大的星际战斗机的出现,Y翼日益过时,但当历史记录下它在义军同盟中的重要作用时,Y翼依旧享有无上荣光。Y翼星际战斗机可能保持着一项记录——义军同盟军火库中战损率最高的军用飞船。这并非因为这种肯赛尔星际战斗机有任何设计缺陷;这是因为在银河内战期间,它是同盟能使用的最常见星际战斗机。Y翼是同盟星际战斗机里的“老黄牛”。

Basic Structure
基本结构

Despite many variants, all Y-wings have the same basic configuration. At the front of the craft is the wedge-shaped cockpit module. A reinforced central spar connects the cockpit to a cross-spar. At each end of the cross-spar rests a powerful engine nacelle, which houses the fighter's sublight and hyperdrive engines. Each nacelle is topped with sensor arrays. Three repulsorlift engines propel the craft in atmosphere, and support it for in-hangar maneuvering. A tiny joystick both in the cockpit and outside under the nose allow ground crew or pilot to move the vessel about when parked.
尽管有许多不同的型号,但所有Y翼都有相同的基本结构。楔形驾驶舱位于飞船前部。一根加固的中央翼梁连接着驾驶舱和十字翼梁。十字翼梁的两端各有一个强大的引擎舱,里面安装着战斗机的亚光速和超空间驱动引擎。每个引擎舱上面都有传感器阵列。飞船在大气内的推进和在机库中的机动由三台反重力引擎实现。在驾驶舱和机鼻下方的外面有一跟小操纵杆,便于地勤人员或飞行员在飞船停泊时移动它。

Accomodations
舱室

The initial BTL-B bomber was a double-seater craft with a forward-facing pilot, and a tailgunner in a rotating bubble turret. The Rebel Alliance maintained two basic types of Y-wings, the single-seater BTL-A4 and the double-seater BTL-S3. In the two-seater S3, the gunner sits facing rear, controlling the turret-mounted ion cannon. Both pilot and gunner are protected by a pair of Koensayr ballistic ejection seats that automatically eject both crew members. The A4 features Guidenhauser ejection systems like their X-wing counterparts.
最初的BTL-B轰炸机是双座飞船,有一位面向前方的飞行员和一位坐在泡型旋转炮塔里的尾炮手。义军同盟的Y翼有两种基本类型——单座的BTL-A4和双座的BTL-S3。在双座的S3上,炮手位面向后方,控制装在炮塔上的离子炮。飞行员和炮手都由一对肯赛尔弹道式弹射椅保护,它能自动弹射这两位乘员。A4跟X翼一样,有吉登豪泽弹射系统。

Just aft of the cockpit module is an astromech socket. Typically, an R2 or an R4 unit provide astrogation assistance in the S3 model. The Y-wing BTL-A4 (LP) Longprobe variant does have an astromech socket, but is also equipped with a navicomputer.
宇航技工机器人插座就在驾驶舱后面。通常,一个R2或R4机器人在S3型号上提供宇航辅助。Y翼BTL-A4(LP)“远程探测”型不仅有宇航技工机器人插座,还配备了导航计算机。

The Y-wing S3 has a cargo capacity of 110 kilograms carried in .4 cubic meters. It has a total of one week of life support and fuel for non-combat operations. The Y-wing Longprobe is modified for deep-space missions with longer in-flight time, providing three weeks of consumable supplies. The Longprobe has 80 kilograms of cargo capacity.
Y翼S3的0.4立方米货舱容积为110千克物资。S3共包含为期一周的维生补给和燃料,以供非战斗行动。Y翼“远程探测”为更长的深空不间断飞行任务而改造,能提供三周的消耗补给。“远程探测”有80千克的货舱容积。

Performance
性能

The twin massive Koensayr R200 Ion Jet engines (rated at 250 KTU) propel the starfighter in real space, and each ion fission engine nacelle is topped with sophisticated sensor arrays. In an atmosphere, these engines work in conjunction with recessed repulsorlift generators to attain speeds of 1,000 kilometers per hour. The Y-wing's maneuverability comes from a pair of thrustor control jets in the aft-face of the central spar. Additional agility is afforded by disk-vectrals set in the end of the engine nacelles to redirect thrust.
两台大型肯赛尔R200离子喷气引擎(级别为250KTU)在实空间推进这种星际战斗机,每台离子裂变引擎舱上都有精密的传感器阵列。在大气中,这些引擎与内置反重力发生器共同工作,达到每小时1000公里的速度。Y翼的机动性来自中央翼梁后面的一对推进控制喷口。额外的敏捷性由引擎舱末端能改变推进方向的导向盘提供。

The Y-wing's R300-H hyperdrive motivator yields a Class One performance on standard astrogation routes. The S3 model does not have a hyperdrive backup. In the A4 Longprobe, the gunner's station is replaced with a nav-computer and backup systems. The slower backup is equivalent to a Class Six hyperdrive.
Y翼的R300-H超空间驱动发动器在标准宇航航路上能发挥一级性能。S3型号没有备用超空间驱动器。在A4“远程探测”上,炮手位被一台导航计算机和备用系统代替。较慢的备用系统相当于一台六级超空间驱动器。

Hyperdrive, repulsordrive, and sublight systems are controlled via the Subpro NH-7 flight control avionics package. The Y-wing draws power from Thiodyne O3-R cryogenic power cells which fuel the internal ionization reactor.
超空间驱动器、反重力驱动器和亚光速系统都通过萨布普罗NH-7飞行控制电子箱控制。Y翼的动力来自于为内部离子化反应堆提供燃料的蒂奥达因03-R低温电池。

Tactical
战术



The Y-wing's primary weapons are twin forward-firing Taim & Bak KX5 laser cannons, which can be fire-linked or fired singly. They are housed in a recessed slot in the front of the cockpit module. Some fighters instead carry Taim & Bak IX4 models. These lasers are fed from a Novaldex power generator in the central spar by exposed but shielded power lines. A secondary weapon is a turret mounted paired set of ArMek SW-4 ion cannons. In the A4, these weapons are preset in one of four fire arcs before flight, and operated by the pilot. In the S3, a tailgunner operates the ion cannons,in the rear-facing gunnery station.
Y翼的主要武器是两门向前开火的泰姆与巴克KX5激光炮,它们能火力相连,也能单独开火。它们被安装在驾驶舱前的凹槽中。有些战斗机则携带泰姆与巴克的IX4型。中央翼梁内的诺瓦尔德克斯发电机通过暴露在外但有护盾保护的电线为这些激光炮提供动力。次要武器是一对安装在炮塔内的阿尔梅克SW-4离子炮。在A4上,这些武器在起飞前被预先设置了四个火力范围之一,由飞行员操作。在S3上,尾炮手在面向后方的炮位上操作离子炮。

Providing a heavier punch at longer ranges is a pair of Arakyd FlexTube proton torpedo launchers below the cockpit module. These torpedoes are fed by two four-torpedo magazines. The BTL-B bomber also featured a proton bomb bay.
驾驶舱下方一对阿拉基德“多样管”质子鱼雷发射器提供了远程重型火力。这些鱼雷发射器由两个弹舱供弹,每个弹舱装有四枚鱼雷。BTL-B轰炸机也有一个质子炸弹舱。

The Y-wing's weapons are controlled by a Fabritech ANc-2.7 tracking computer with a SI 5g7 "Quickscan" vector imaging system. Like its X-wing counterpart, the Y-wing features an extendable targeting mask that covers a pilot's eyes for pinpoint accuracy at high speeds. These targeting systems receive data from the primary sensor threat analysis grid, housed in the main cockpit section. This is a short-range PG-7u unit. For longer range information, the Y-wing employs a matched set of ANx-y sensors with PA-9r phased tachyon detection arrays mounted under sensor-transparent domes atop each engine nacelle. Engine vibrations often hamper sensor alignment, but skilled operators can compensate accordingly.
Y翼的武器由结构科技公司的ANc-2.7跟踪计算机和SI 5g7“快速扫描”失量成像系统控制。跟X翼一样,Y翼也有可伸缩瞄准面罩,它被置于飞行员眼前,用于高速状态下的精确定位。这些瞄准系统从主驾驶舱内的主要传感威胁分析网获取数据。这是一个短程PG-7u设备。对于远程信息,Y翼使用配套的ANx-y传感器和PA-9r快子探测相位阵列,后者被安装在每个引擎舱上面的传感透明圆罩下。引擎震动经常干扰传感器校正,但熟练的操作员能作出相应的补偿。

Covering the Y-wing with defensive energy are a set of Chempat shield projectors. The shield generator in the A4 Longprobe provides weaker coverage because shield energy is diverted to supply the hyperdrive backup and navicomputer systems.
用防御能量保护Y翼的是一套切姆帕特护盾发生器。A4“远程探测”上的护盾发生器只能提供较弱的保护,因为其护盾能量被转移给了备用超空间驱动器和导航计算机系统。

Perhaps the one thing fighter jockeys on both side of the war will agree on is that the Y-wing can take a beating. Its durable titanium reinforced Alusteel alloy hull proved a surprise to early enemy pilots, who confident that they had lined up the Y-wing in their targeting crosshairs, failed to destroy it with a snap-shot. Only by repeatedly dogging the Y-wing will lasers cut through its hull. The A4 model has slightly stronger armor. This reputation for being tough and stubborn, as well as its ground-hugging attack bomber mission profiles, have caused faster fighter pilots to nickname the Y-wing a "wallowing pig."
或许,战争双方的战斗机飞行员都会承认,Y翼的抗打击能力很强。其耐用的钛增强阿卢钢合金外壳令早期敌军飞行员大吃一惊,他们曾自信地把十字准星对准Y翼,却发现无法快速击毁它。只有不断向Y翼开火,激光炮才能打穿其外壳。A4型号的装甲更强一点。坚固抗打的威名加上其总是执行低空袭击轰炸任务,使Y翼被驾驶更快战斗机的飞行员昵称为“滚地猪”。

History
历史



The Y-wing fighter rose to prominence during the early stages of the Clone Wars, when Koensayr -- a corporation allied to the Republic -- developed a dependable bomber that could deliver more destructive power than the typical Torrent V-19 interceptor or the Jedi starfighters of the day. Koensayr testing facilities could barely keep up for the demand on the fighter, which were rushed into service on bombing runs at Gwori and in defense of Kaliida Shoals Med-Center. Notable Y-wing units of the era include Shadow Squadron and Hunter Squadron.
Y翼战斗机在克隆人战争早期就脱颖而出了,当时肯赛尔——一家与共和国结盟的公司——研发了这种可靠的轰炸机,它比当时常用的“激流”V-19截击机或绝地星际战斗机更具破坏力。肯赛尔的试验设施能勉强满足对这种战斗机的需求。它们出厂后被立即投入对格沃里的轰炸疾飞和卡利达暗沙医疗中心保卫战。那个年代著名的Y翼部队包括影子中队和猎人中队。

Predating the Incom X-wing, the Koensayr Y-wing figured prominently in the Rebellion's early skirmishes of the Galactic Civil War. They proved their value in the Battle of Vnas at Duro, and the Battle of Ord Biniir. During the Siege of Ank Ki'Shar, Y-wing fighters saved thousands of lives by holding off attacking TIE bombers. And during the Battle of Yavin, and the Battle of Endor, Y-wing squadrons were influential in helping fend off the Death Star threats. A Y-wing brandishes its squadron colors and markings on its main cockpit module and the forward tips of the engine nacelles.
对起义军而言,在银河内战初期的小规模冲突中,肯赛尔的Y翼比英康的X翼更早地发挥了重要作用。在比尼尔兵站战役和杜罗的弗纳斯战役中,Y翼证明了它们的价值。安克基肖尔围攻战期间,Y翼战斗机挡住TIE轰炸机的进攻,拯救了数千人的生命。雅文战役和恩多战役期间,Y翼中队是协助对抗死星威胁的中流砥柱。一架Y翼会在主驾驶舱和引擎舱的前端展示其中队的颜色和标志。

The Y-wing is designated an attack fighter, giving it a wide range of combat applications. Capable of respectable performance in one-on-one fighter engagements, its durable spaceframe is also well-suited to carry heavy-armaments. With little to no modifications, many Rebel Alliance units use Y-wing fighters for bombing craft. In the later years of the Galactic Civil War, Y-wings began to be replaced by B-wing starfighters. This newer fighter boasted similarly strong shields and hull, and devastatingly powerful projectile, laser and ion weaponry. The B-wing did not completely replace the Y-wing, however.
Y翼被定性为强击机,有着广泛的战斗应用。在一对一的战斗机缠斗中,它能发挥出令人称道的性能。其坚固的架构也非常适合携带重型武器。几乎未经任何改装,Y翼战斗机即被很多义军同盟部队用作轰炸机。在银河内战后期,Y翼开始被B翼星际战斗机取代。这种新战斗机有同样强大的护盾和外壳,还有破坏力巨大的炮弹、激光和离子武器。然而,B翼没有完全取代Y翼。

Y-wings were relocated from front-line combat service to base protection and on raids on outlying Imperial convoys. Many Y-wings were pushed into courier duty for Intelligence services. This is where the most interesting Y-wing variants could be found. Some courier Y-wings did away with the ion weapons, replacing the cannon power systems with luggage space. These fighters featured special split-canopies for faster ingress or egress when landed (or even, as reported by some, high-altitude exits!) Some modified Y-wing fighters have detachable cockpits that served as repulsor-powered escape vehicles.
从前线撤下的Y翼被转用于保卫基地和袭击偏远的帝国船队。很多Y翼被赋予交通员的职责,为情报局服务。这是目前已知的最有趣的Y翼改装型号。有些Y翼交通员拆掉了离子武器,把火炮动力系统替换为行李空间。这些战斗机有开裂式舱罩,用于着陆时更快地出入(或像有些人说的,甚至用于高空逃生!)。有些改装过的Y翼战斗机有可分离的驾驶舱,它们可作为反重力逃生工具。

Y-wing componentry has made itself into other Alliance hardware. The cockpit of the modified T-47 snowspeeder is a modified Y-wing fighter cockpit refit. This expedites training due to the familiarity most pilots have with the control layout. The T-47 also features refitted sections of Y-wing armor along its hull.
Y翼为其它同盟装备提供了部件。改装过的T-47雪地飞行艇驾驶舱就是由Y翼战斗机的驾驶舱改装的。这有利于速成训练,因为大多数飞行员对这种驾驶舱布局很熟悉。T-47的外壳也有部分是改装过Y翼装甲。

A short-lived venture between Koensayr and Rendili StarDrive produced an enlarged Y-wing fighter capable of housing a crew of up to four people, but these models are rare.
肯赛尔和伦迪利星际驱动公司曾短暂地联合投资生产一种加大的Y翼战斗机,其机组成员最多可达四人,但这些型号很罕见。

幕后



Because only a trio of Y-wing ever shared the screen in the original Star Wars, the ILM modelmakers concentrated their efforts on the scene-stealing X-wing, building the venerable Y's in smaller numbers. Model-makers David Beasley, Steve Gawley, and Jon Erland worked on the original Y-wing, which was based on a Colin Cantwell design.
由于在最早的《星球大战》里,银幕上只须出现三架Y翼,因此工业光魔的模型制作师只制作了少量令人敬畏的Y翼,主要精力都花在抢镜头的X翼上。戴维·比斯利、史蒂夫·高利和乔恩·厄兰三位模型制作师以科林·坎特韦尔的设计为基础,开始制作最早的Y翼。

The early Cantwell concept models built of the Y-wing featured an immense bubble turret dome for a gunner to sit in. The limitations of bluescreen technology at the time made such a dome impractical --- it would be impossible to shoot a miniature with a clear dome and have that dome register properly on film after composite processing. Subsequent iterations of the Y-wing concept did away with the fragile-looking compartment.
坎特韦尔的Y翼早期概念模型有炮手乘坐的巨大泡型炮塔圆罩。当时的蓝幕技术限制导致这种圆罩无法实现——拍摄有透明圆罩的缩微模型,并且经过合成处理后让这个圆罩在胶片上准确显示是不可能的。后续版本的Y翼构思都去掉了这个看起来很脆弱的部件。

When Joe Johnston refined the Y-wing for construction as a visual effects model, he posited that the Y-wing was once a sleek vessel that was chopped and stripped like a hot rod by Rebel Alliance technicians. The Y-wing's sole remaining touch of sleekness was the smooth shape of its cockpit. That section was a rare early instance of injection molding, allowing it to be "cleaner" than some of the more complex forms seen in the film. This uncluttered wedge-shaped front section quickly trailed off into a crossbar of jumbled plumbing, filled with kitbashed detail. The massive engines were sections of Apollo Saturn V rockets, 1/144 scale; the domes capping them were pantyhose containers.
乔·约翰斯顿把Y翼改进为可以制作的视觉效果模型时,假定Y翼曾是一种圆滑的飞船,后来像改装车一样被义军同盟大幅度删改。Y翼唯一还剩下一点圆滑感的部分就是其外形流畅的驾驶舱。这个部分是罕见的注射成型早期范例,因此它比电影里出现的一些更复杂形状要“干净”。很快,这个简洁楔形前舱的后面就有了一条布满杂乱管道的横梁,横梁上的精细部件都是从其它模型套件上拆卸下来的。巨大的引擎是阿波罗计划土星五号火箭1比144模型的部件;引擎头部的圆罩是连裤袜容器。

Of the small pool of Y-wings built for Star Wars, one was given to Twentieth Century Fox executive Alan Ladd, Jr. as a gift. When it came time to do Return of the Jedi, new "hero" Y-wing models were needed for screen use, so model-maker Bill George brought in a home-made model he had built before he had even started working at ILM. It is now part of the traveling museum exhibit of original trilogy models.
在为《星球大战》制作的少量Y翼中,有一架作为礼物被送给了二十世纪福克斯公司的执行官小艾伦·拉德。到《绝地归来》时,银幕需要新的“英雄”Y翼模型,于是模型制作师比尔·乔治带来一个自制模型,他制作这架Y翼时,甚至还没加入工业光魔。现在,这个模型是正传三部曲模型博物馆巡回展览的一部分。

For the Y-wing's triumphant return to the screen in the animated television series Star Wars: The Clone Wars, designer Russel Chong spearheaded the ship's development. "The Y-wing was a really fun project, bringing it back fully faired," he says. "We back-engineered the Y-wing and turned it back into a bomber. I took the actual model of the Y-wing from the files at Lucasfilm, and I overlaid our new version. We revitalized the bubble turret that Colin Cantwell and Ralph McQuarrie had developed. All the body panels are very much the same as the original Y-wing. I did my best to give it the same styling and the same look as the original Y-wing."
为了Y翼在《星球大战:克隆人战争》动画电视连续剧里的胜利回归,设计师拉塞尔·宗领导了该飞船的设计工作。“完全平整地再现Y翼确实是个有趣的项目,”他说。“我们反向分析Y翼,把它变回一种轰炸机。我从卢卡斯影业的文件里拿了现有的Y翼模型,然后把我们的新版本覆盖上去。我们恢复了科林·坎特韦尔和拉尔夫·麦夸里设计的泡型炮塔。所有机身面板都跟最早的Y翼一模一样。我尽力让它与最早的Y翼有相同的式样和相同的外观。”

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发表于 2018-8-15 14:53 | 显示全部楼层
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