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[飞船] X翼星际战斗机(X-wing starfighter)

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发表于 2013-4-30 19:59 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
翻译:young_skywalker
校对:南方战士

X-wing starfighter X翼星际战斗机

Size:
12.5 meters long
尺寸:
12.5米长

Weapon:
Laser cannons, proton torpedoes
武器:
激光炮、质子鱼雷

Affiliation:
Rebel Alliance
隶属:
义军同盟

Type:
Starfighter
类型:
星际战斗机

Manufacturer:
Incom Corporation
制造者:
英康公司

电影



The Incom T-65 X-wing starfighter has become a symbol of the Rebellion's starfighter corps. Pressed into service time and again, the typical Alliance X-wing shows the scars from previous engagements, though the fact that it still performs as an advanced vessel of space superiority is indication of the ruggedness of the craft.
英康“T-65”X翼星际战斗机已成为起义军星际战斗机军的标志。同盟的X翼通常频繁出击,伤痕累累,但始终是高级太空优势飞船,表明这种战斗机坚固耐用。

The sleek fuselage of the X-wing starfighter is 12.5 meters long. The long, narrow spaceframe is flanked in the aft quarter by four massive realspace engines. Each engine has an aerodynamic S-foil mounted on it. The wings not only serve as stabilizer surfaces in air travel, but also distribute deflector shield energy and serve as weapons mounts. The surface of each S-foil bears squadron and fighter markings.
X翼的流畅机身长12.5米。四台巨大的实空间引擎在机尾紧贴狭长的构架。每个引擎上都装有一块气动S翼。机翼不仅充当在大气中飞行时的稳定表面,还能分配偏导护盾能量和充当武器底座。每块S翼的表面都涂有中队和战斗机的标识。

Located midway through the ship is the X-wing's cockpit module. Behind the X-wing's cockpit is an astromech socket. The astromech droid provides astrogation data for the fighter's hyperdrives, and serves as a co-pilot and technician during flight. Three landing gears extend when the fighter is docked.
X翼的驾驶舱位于飞船中部。X翼驾驶舱后面是宇航技工机器人插槽。宇航技工机器人为战斗机的超空间驱动器提供宇航数据,还在飞行时兼作副驾驶和技师。战斗机降落时会伸出三个起落架。

衍生宇宙



The X-wing starfighter became the premiere Alliance weapon when the Empire nationalized the Incom Corporation. Technicians and suppliers in the employ of Incom were secretly sympathetic to the Alliance, and during a daring Rebel raid, they defected to the Rebellion, bringing the X-wing fighter prototypes with them. Like its predecessor, the Incom/Subpro Z-95, the X-wing fighter has a reputation for being able to absorb damage, but is also quite fast and maneuverable. In response to the X-wing fighter threat, the Empire designed the new TIE interceptor to be its space superiority fighter. The X-wing would become the mainstay fighter for the Alliance for much of the Galactic Civil War.
帝国国有化英康公司后,X翼星际战斗机成为同盟的首要武器。英康的技术员和供应商都秘密同情同盟。在义军的一次大膽奇袭中,他们带着X翼战斗机的原型向起义军投诚。跟其前身英康/萨布普罗Z-95一样,X翼战斗机以抗打击能力强而出名,但速度相当快,机动性相当好。为了对付X翼战斗机的威胁,帝国设计了新的TIE截击机作为其太空优势战斗机。在银河内战的大多数时期,X翼都是同盟的支柱战斗机。

The X-wing fighter has a compact life support system of compressors, temperature regulators, and oxygen scrubbing filters. A series of acceleration compensators help isolate the pilot from deadly g-forces generated by high speed maneuvers. There is enough oxygen, fuel and power in an X-wing for a week of non-combat operations. Additional consumable tanks can be affixed to the S-foils at a cost of performance.
X翼战斗机有一套简便的生命维持系统,包括压缩机、温度调节器和氧气洗涤过滤器。一系列加速补偿措施有助于保护飞行员免受高速机动产生的致命G力伤害。一架X翼携带的氧气、燃料和动力足够维持为期一周的非战斗行动。额外的消耗品箱可以安装在S翼上,但会降低战斗机性能。

Behind the cockpit, accessible from both behind the pilot's chair and a belly hatch, is the cargo compartment. It has a capacity of two cubic meters, and is rated for 110 kilograms. Pilots generally store survival and repair gear in this compartment. The newer T-65AC4 can carry 150 kilograms of cargo.
货舱位于驾驶舱后,从飞行员座椅后面和机腹舱门都能进入。货舱容积为两立方米,额定载重为110千克。飞行员通常在货舱里存放救生和维修装备。较新的T-65AC4能携带150千克的货物。

In emergencies, the X-wing's Guidenhauser ejection seat can throw the pilot clear of the fighter. Separator charges blast the cockpit canopy free, and also launch the astromech unit from the socket.
紧急情况下,X翼的吉登豪泽弹射椅能将飞行员抛出战斗机。分离炸藥会炸开驾驶舱舱盖,同时也会将宇航技工机器人从插槽中射出。

A fully integrated Torplex Rq8.Y flight computer translates flight data from control surfaces to engine performance. Like most starfighters, X-wings don't come equipped with slave circuits. Power for the X-wing is generated by a centrifugal vapor fusion and ionization reactor housed behind the astromech socket. The generator's initial spins are powered by Novaldex O4-Z cryogenic cells housed in the ship's aft engineering section. These power cells are recharged through a super-conducting port. Once powered, the four Incom 4L4 fusial thrust engines propel the starfighter. Some models were equipped with Incom 4j.4 engines rated at 300 KTU. The newer T-65AC4 can attain an impressive sublight speed comparable to the Alliance A-wing. Maneuverability is afforded by a system of etheric rudders that change thrust vectors.
一台完全集成的托普莱克斯Rq8.Y飞行计算机从操纵装置获得飞行数据后,把它们转化为引擎性能。跟大多数星际战斗机一样,X翼没有配备连动线路。X翼的动力产生自离心蒸汽聚变与离子化反应堆——它被装于宇航技工机器人插槽后。这台发电机的初始运转动力由装在机尾工程舱的诺瓦尔德克斯04-Z低温电池提供。这些电池通过一个超导端口充电。获得动力后,四台英康4L4触发推进引擎将驱动星际战斗机。有的型号配备了等级可达300KTU的英康4j.4引擎。较新的T-65AC4能达到与同盟A翼相比肩的惊人亚光速。一套能改变推力矢量的以太舵系统提供了良好的机动性。

In an atmosphere, the X-wing's Incom RDA repulsorlift drive adaptor provides an airspeed of 1,050 kilometers per hour. The fighter handles nearly identical to a T-16 skyhopper in an atmosphere. The New Republic-era fighter can attain speeds of at least 1,300 kilometers per hour.
在大气层内,英康RDA反重力推进适配器使X翼的空速能达到每小时1050千米。在大气层内,这种战斗机的操作方式几乎跟T-16跃空机完全一样。新共和国时代的X翼战斗机至少能达到每小时1300千米的速度。

For hyperspace transit, the X-wing is equipped with an Incom GBk-585 motivator HCU (hyperspace control unit). The motivators on each engine provide a class one performance.
为了实现超空间航行,X翼配备了英康GBk-585发动器HCU(超空间控制单元)。每台引擎上的发动器都提供了一级性能。

The X-wing's main fuselage houses most of its essential electronic components. The nosecone contains the primary sensor array, consisting of a Fabritech ANs-5d "lock track" full-spectrum transceiver, a Melihat "Multi-imager" dedicated energy receptor and a Tana Ire electrophoto receptor. An alternate configuration typically contained a long range Phased Tachyon Detection Array model #PA-9r, and a short range Primary Threat Analysis Grid model #PG-7u. The array feeds information through a shielded multiplexer relay to the ANq 3.6 sensor computer. The unit can track up to 1,000 moving sublight objects, acquire 20 possible targets, and can be programmed for extra sensitivity to 120 specific sensor signatures. At the very rear of the craft is a Fabritech k-blakan mini sensor providing the pilot a view of the ship's rear arc. One of the X-wing's primary weaknesses is a blind spot at the rear of its belly.
X翼的大部分电子元件安装在主机身内。机头内装有主传感阵列,由结构科技公司的ANs-5d“踪迹锁定”全波谱收发机、梅利哈特公司的“多成像器”专用能量接受器和塔纳艾尔公司的电光接受器组成。可选配置通常包括远程快子探测相位阵列#PA-9r和短程主要威胁分析网型号#PG-7u。传感阵列把信息通过受保护的多路转播器传给ANq3.6传感计算机。此设备能跟踪最多1000个亚光速移动物体、获得20个可能的目标,能编程设定120个特定传感特征以获得额外灵敏性。在战斗机最后方安装有结构科技的“k-布拉肯”迷你传感器,它为飞行员提供了战斗机后方区域的景象。X翼的主要弱点之一是机腹后方的盲点。

A Bertriak "Screamer" active jammer is the standard sensor jammer employed by X-wing fighters. The Screamer isn't powerful enough to jam capital-scale sensor systems, but it can interfere with homing warheads and jam starfighter sensors.
伯特里亚克“尖叫者”主动干扰器是X翼战斗机使用的标准传感干扰器。“尖叫者”的能力不足以干扰主力级传感系统,但能干扰自导弹头和星际战斗机传感器。

Four identical Taim & Bak KX9 laser cannons are mounted on each S-foil wingtip. During combat situations, the S-foils split into attack position, deploying in an "X" configuration. This increases the fighter's field of fire, and ensures that all lasers target in to a specific "zero" point, typically half a kilometer from the fighter. The lasers are powered by the engine power converters and are fed by dynoric energy lines that run the surface of the S-foils. A number of X-wings used Taim & Bak IX4 laser cannons instead. The New Republic era fighters employ even more powerful cannons. The laser cannon efficiency is one of the hallmarks of the X-wing starfighter. At full recharge, this allows for continuous fire.
四门一模一样的泰姆与巴克KX9激光炮被安装在每块S翼的翼尖。战斗时,S翼分开至进攻位置,呈“X”状态。这增加了战斗机的火力范围,保证所有激光炮都对准一个特定的“零”点——通常在战斗机前方半公里处。激光炮的动力由引擎动力转换器提供,由通过S翼表面的动力能量线传输。还有许多X翼使用泰姆与巴克IX4激光炮。新共和国时代的战斗机使用更强大的炮。激光炮效率高是X翼星际战斗机的特点之一。动力充足时,这保证了持续火力。

For long range targeting, the fighter has two Krupx MG7 proton torpedo launchers housed in the main fuselage. Each launcher fires from a three-torpedo magazine for a total payload of six warheads. For added accuracy in bombing runs, a targeting computer screen mask extends on a mechanical arm to assist the pilot with precise firing data. The refitted X-wing recon fighters have had the proton torpedo launcher removed and replaced with high-gain long range sensors, processors and high-speed hypertransceivers.
这种战斗机在主舱内有两个克鲁普克斯公司的MG7质子鱼雷发射器,用于远程目标攻击。每个发射器的弹舱能装三枚鱼雷,因此总弹藥量为六枚鱼雷。为了增加轰炸疾飞的精确度,一条机械臂能伸出一个瞄准计算机屏幕面罩,用精确的开火数据协助飞行员。改装过的X翼侦察战斗机用高增益远程传感器、处理器和高速超空间发报器取代了质子鱼雷发射器。

Some X-wings were equipped with decoy and carbon-fiber chaff mines that could be fired in dogfight situations. The decoys would broadcast a sensor signature similar to the X-wing, confusing enemy scanners. The carbon-fiber chaff mines would create dangerous clouds of sensor-opaque debris that could damage pursuing vehicles or prematurely detonate incoming warheads.
有些X翼配备了诱饵雷和碳纤维屑雷,可以在缠斗时发射。诱饵雷会播发类似X翼的传感特征,迷惑敌方扫描器。碳纤维屑雷会制造危险的传感迟钝碎片云,能破坏追击的飞船或提前引爆来袭的弹头。

The X-wing's deflector shield generator is in the aft section of the vessel. It produces basic shield matrices through a catalyzation process, and then feeds deflector ducts scattered along the fighter's surface. The Chepat "Defender" projectors along the S-foil surfaces generate the starboard and port shields. This supplements the hardened titanium armor alloy of the X-wing. The expensive and high-strength alloy sedrellium is used to reinforce the X-wing's hull.
X翼的偏导护盾发生器位于飞船后部。它通过一个催化过程产生基本护盾母体,然后将其传入遍布战斗机表面的偏导管。沿S翼表面的切姆帕特“防御者”投射器产生左右护盾。这让X翼的加固钛合金装甲锦上添花。昂贵的高强度塞德雷尔矿合金被用来强化X翼的外壳。

Throughout the Galactic Civil War, the Alliance always had precious few X-wing fighters compared to the Empire's seemingly endless arsenal of TIE craft. As a result, the Alliance X-wings were often in a state of constant use. A "new" X-wing is a rare sight, as the starfighters showed the wear and tear that their pilots would subject them to. Common models of fighters in the Galactic Civil War included the T-65B and the T-65C-A2.
在整个银河内战期间,跟帝国看似无穷无尽的TIE战斗机机群相比,同盟的X翼战斗机总是又少又珍贵。因此,同盟的X翼经常处于连续作战状态。一架“新”X翼是很罕见的,因为这种星际战斗机们挂满了飞行员带给它们的累累伤痕。银河内战中常见的战斗机型号包括T-65B和T-65C-A2。

The heroic Red Squadron that succeeded in destroying the Death Star at the Battle of Yavin was composed of X-wing fighters. The survivors of this squadron where organized by Commander Narra and Lt. Commander Luke Skywalker into the nascent Rogue Group. Under the command of Wedge Antilles, Rogue Squadron emerged as the premiere X-wing starfighter force in the galaxy.
英雄的红色中队就由X翼战斗机组成。他们在雅文战役中成功摧毁了死星。在纳拉指挥官和卢克·天行者少校的组织下,红色中队的生还者加入了新成立的侠盗大队。在韦奇·安蒂列斯的指挥下,侠盗中队脱颖而出,成为银河系顶尖的X翼星际战斗机部队。

At the Battle of Endor, Wedge had the option to outfit his squadron with newer fighters like the A-wing or B-wing. Instead, he opted to go with the venerable X-wing fighter. During that fateful battle, Rogue Squadron flew as Red Group, to honor the pilots of the first Death Star battle.
恩多战役时,韦奇本有机会为他的中队换装A翼或B翼等新型战斗机。然而,他选择继续使用久经考验的X翼战斗机。在这场大决战中,侠盗中队以红色组的名义参战,以纪念参加第一次死星战斗的飞行员。

Rogue Squadron soon became a symbol of the Alliance itself, and the New Republic that would follow. It played key roles in battles over Bakura, Borleias, Coruscant and Thyferra. Older cruiser captains often resented the glamour afforded to the X-wing pilots, and nicknamed them "X-wing hotshots."
侠盗中队很快成为同盟本身和日后新共和国的象征。它在巴库拉、博雷亚斯、科洛桑和赛菲拉等战役中扮演了重要角色。资深巡洋舰舰长经常对X翼飞行员所散发出的魅力不满,把他们戏称为“X翼大人物”。

Later, with the introduction of new fighters like the A-9 Vigilance Interceptor and the E-wing fighter, the X-wing was pushed from the limelight. Eventually, after years of research and modification, Incom unveiled a new faster Incom T-65AC4 fighter that can compete on its own in the modern starfighter combat arena. The older X-wings are being refitted into T-65BRs, or reconnaissance X-wings.
后来,随着A-9“警惕”截击机和E翼战斗机等新战斗机的出现,X翼不再引人瞩目。最终,经过多年的研究和改进后,英康推出了更快的新式T-65AC4战斗机,它能在现代星际战斗机战场上占据一席之地。老式的X翼被改装成T-65BR,即侦察X翼。

The recon fighters have their missile weapons replaced with advanced sensors and communication gear. In addition, these X-wings are equipped with sophisticated self-destruct sequence that wipes the ship's computer, destroys the astromech with a shaped charge, kills the pilot with a lethal injection and then finally detonates a baradium charge that not only destroys the X-wing, but is powerful enough to cripple a nearby ship.
侦察战斗机用高级传感器和通讯设备取代了导弹武器。此外,这些X翼还配备了精密的自毁程序,能清除机载计算机、用锥形装藥摧毁宇航技工机器人、用致命注射液杀死飞行员,最后引爆重镭炸藥——其威力不仅能摧毁这架X翼,还足以损坏附近的飞船。

Thirteen years into the New Republic's rule, Incom introduced the T-65D-A1 X-wing starfighter, which featured notable changes. To standardized performance in the New Republic forces, General Wedge Antilles ordered that all older model X-wings be updated to conform to the new specs. The new model featured an advanced computer system that integrated all the functions of the supplemental astromech droid into one package. As such, the T-65D-A1 needed no astromech socket, and did not sport one. The new X-wing's advanced computer system was accessible from the cockpit, allowing the pilot more customizable options during flight and combat.
新共和国成立十三年后,英康公司推出了经过明显改进的“T-65D-A1”X翼星际战斗机。为了实现新共和国武器性能的标准化,韦奇·安蒂列斯将军命令所有旧型号X翼都必须按照新配置升级。新型号拥有高级计算机系统,它把宇航技工机器人的补充功能都打包在了一起。这样,T-65D-A1就不需要宇航技工机器人及其插槽了。新X翼的高级计算机系统能从驾驶舱控制,使飞行员在飞行和作战时拥有更多自主选择。

The introduction of the T-65D-A1, unfortunately, was exploited by would-be terrorists. Each new computer system retrofitted into an older X-wing, or that came standard with a newer model, was equipped with a hidden explosive detonator. This insidious sabotage was set to go off when a specific combination of computer commands was executed. This act grounded the New Republic X-wing arsenal for a time, and seriously hampered the success of the T-65D-A1 refit.
不幸的是,T-65D-A1的推出被恐怖分子所利用,但他们没有得逞。每套装入旧X翼的新计算机系统或符合标准的新型号X翼都被装上了隐藏的炸弹。这一阴险的破坏计划被设定为,只要特定的计算机指令组合被执行,炸弹就会爆炸。这一事件一度使新共和国的X翼停飞,严重阻碍了T-65D-A1的成功改装。

In an effort to stave away obsolescence, Incom continually revisits and updates the X-wing design. The latest incarnation is the XJ X-wing. Sporting a trio of proton torpedo launchers, improved speed, armor and maneuverability, the XJ model is a cutting edge design that is still faithful to the classic T-65 that inspired it. It is a common vessel found in the ranks of the new Jedi Order.
为了努力避免落伍,英康公司继续改进和升级X翼的设计。最新成果是“XJ”X翼。它拥有三个质子鱼雷发射器、更快的速度、更坚固的装甲和更好的机动性。XJ型是最先进的设计,但依然秉承着经典T-65的灵魂。它是新绝地武士团的常用飞船。

幕后



The X-wing design originated from Joe Johnston sketches and Colin Cantwell concept models. ILM constructed a variety of effects models in different scales. Their wing markings helped denote which fighter belonged to which pilot. The original screenplay had the X-wing squadron denoted as "Blue Squadron," but was changed to Red in the final film since blue markings wouldn't be possible given the limitations of blue-screen technology at the time.
X翼的设计源自乔·约翰斯顿的草图和科林·坎特韦尔的概念模型。工业光魔制作了一系列尺寸不同的效果模型。它们的机翼标识有助于指示哪架战斗机属于哪位飞行员。原始剧本把X翼中队标示为“蓝色中队”,但在最终电影里被改为“红色中队”,因为当时蓝幕技术的限制使蓝色标识不可能被显示出来。

In addition to miniature X-wings, the production crew constructed a full-sized X-wing for the Yavin hangar sequence. Judicious editing and flat cardboard mockups made it appear as if there were dozens of full-sized craft.
除了X翼缩微模型,摄制组还为雅文机库片段建造了一架真实比例的X翼。高超的剪辑与平纸板模型使那里看上去仿佛有数十架真实比例的战斗机。

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发表于 2018-8-14 13:21 | 显示全部楼层
真是义军最常见的飞机
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